Royal Irish Academy

A Revolution in Profiles - Co. Offaly

In association with The Royal Irish Academy

Patrick/Paddy Tiquin/Tyquin 1896-1922

Patrick or Paddy Tiquin was born in 1896. His parents Frank and Bridget (nee Buckley) lived outside Banagher. 

The Tiquin name was well known in Kings County nationalism. During the Tithe War of the 1830’s, catholic nationalists had carried on a campaign of passive and on occasion violent resistance to the payment of Tithes.

In 1837 Thomas Tiquin had died while imprisoned in the Four Courts, Marshalsea gaol, where had been detained for his refusal to pay Tithes. In the aftermath of his death, Thomas Tiquin’s funeral to All Saints graveyard outside Banagher was essentially transformed into a massive political protest. After the abolishment of the Tithes in 1838, Thomas Tiquin was labelled ‘The Last Tithe Martyr’.

In 1907, Patrick Tiquin’s father Frank spoke at a United Irish League meeting outside Birr courthouse in support of the imprisoned Eglish cattle drivers.

The family were also heavily associated with the Blacksmith trade and Patrick served his time with his father while still a young man. At the onset of the Great War, Patrick Tiquin joined the British Army and was demobilised in March 1919. On his return to Ireland, Tiquin worked for his father as a blacksmith and operated the family threshing machine.

In July 1922 the National Army launched a mass recruitment campaign. Tiquin was among a large number of men with previous service in the British Army who enlisted and was posted to the Intelligence Branch based at Banagher. In October 1922, Tiquin had been issued a pass and visited his wife Mary Ellen at their home in nearby Taylor’s Cross.

On the expiration of his leave Tiquin left the house to return to barracks. When he failed to appear at Banagher, Sergeant Major Worthington became concerned and mobilised a search party to find him. Patrick Tiquin’s body was later found on the avenue to Gurteen House, Rathcabbin. He had been shot a number of times with what were described as dum-dum bullets. At the inquest which followed Brigader Powell described Tiquin as a …   

 ‘ Brave and plucky soldier.’ (1)

Patrick Tiquin’s funeral was held in Banagher, and his tricolour covered coffin was removed for burial to All Saints graveyard in the same plot where Thomas Tiquin had been buried 85 years previously. The Banagher garrison were in attendance, Sergeant-Major Worthington taking charge of the firing party. The last post was sounded, and Brigadier Powell provided the oration telling the assembled military…

‘Do not let this cruel deed stir your minds to thoughts of vengeance. Stand bravely at your posts and continue to fight a clean fight’ (2)


Sources:                                                 

1901 and 1911 Census. Search online at http://www.census.nationalarchives.ie/search/

Military Service Pension Collection. Patrick Tiquin 2D436. Search online at https://www.militaryarchives.ie/collections/online-collections/military-service-pensions-collection-1916-1923/search-the-collection

Derek Fanning. ‘What really happened in the Civil War in Offaly and Tipperary’ Offaly Live online at https://www.offalyexpress.ie/news/midland-tribune/1148467/opinion-an-colun-what-really-happened-in-the-civil-war-in-offaly-and-tipperary.html

Noel MacMahon, “In the Shadow of the Fairy Hill, Shinrone and Ballingarry – A History”, pp 108-111 online at http://www.grantonline.com/grant-family-genealogy/Tipperary/Shinrone/shinrone-history.htm

Amanda Pedlow. ‘100 Quirky Facts about County Offaly’ (Tullamore) 2013.

Evening Echo. 22 October 1922.

Freemans Journal. 23 October 1922

Midland Tribune. 22 June 1907.

Westmeath Independent. 28 October 1922.

(1) Evening Echo. 22 October 1922.

(2) Leinster Reporter. 28 October 1922

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